Resources that are primarily digitized periodicals (e.g. newspapers, journals) can be found on our periodicals page.


Afghanistan Digital Collection (Afghanistan Center at Kabul University and University of Arizona University Libraries)
More than 22,130 items, including 2,400 books, more than 3,000 pamphlets and reports in Afghan and Western languages and 7,000 different series of newspapers, serials, magazines, periodicals and journals from recent and not so recent Afghan history. Though focused on Afghanistan, the topics covered are wide-ranging, from art and archeology to agriculture, education to engineering, poetry to politics. The authors include academics, experts, NGOs, government institutions and Ministries.

Afghanistan Digital Library (a project of NYU Libraries)
Works published in Afghanistan between 1870 and 1930.

Aga Khan Library Digital Collections
A diverse collections of rare books in the Aga Khan Library, London. They are digitizing their collections including Ottoman, Ismaili, Muhammad Abduh, and more.

American Center of Oriental Research Photo Archive
The complete collection, estimated to number more than 100,000 images, provides primary visual documentation of Jordan, including the major archaeological and cultural heritage projects that the center has sponsored across the country over the decades.

Established by the University of Crete Library in 2006, the Anemi Digital Library provides access to a rich collection of material related to Modern Greek Studies, including materials in Karamanlidika/Karamanı Turkish, Ottoman Turkish written in the Greek script. To access them, click here. The digital archive also includes collections on Greeks in Egypt, Cyprus, Edirne, Thessaloniki, Crete, and other areas of the Ottoman Empire in a variety of languages. To see this list of collections, click here.

Arabic Collections Online
Publicly available digital library of public domain Arabic language content. ACO currently provides digital access to 14,183 volumes across 8,675 subjects drawn from rich Arabic collections of distinguished research libraries.

Open access to a very unique set of resources related to the built environment of the Muslim world. These archives, images, drawings, publications, seminar proceedings, articles, serials and project documentation comprise an unparalleled resource and research tool for the study of Islamic art and architecture.

AUC Rare Books and Special Collections Digital Library (American University of Cairo)
Photos, postcards, periodicals, films, oral histories, maps, manuscripts, architectural plans, and more, mostly related to Egypt and the American University of Cairo.


Bibliothèque Numérique de l'Alliance Israélite Universelle
Documents in Hebrew, French, Spanish, German.

British Library Digital Collections
Digitized manuscripts, maps, and more.

The Cambridge University Digital Library hosts several collections related to the field of Middle East and North African Studies including individual Sanskrit, Hebrew, and Islamic manuscript collections, as well as a very special collection of medieval manuscripts from the Jewish community of Fustat (Old Cairo) in Egypt (collection listed as "Cairo Genizah").


The Database of Ottoman Inscriptions (DOI) is a searchable digital database comprising information about, as well as transliterations and pictures of, all the Turkish, Arabic and Persian architectural inscriptions created in the Ottoman lands during Ottoman times.
A variety of digital collections including Oriental Collections, Maps, and more.

Digital Library of the Middle East
Offers free and open access to the rich cultural legacy of the Middle East and North Africa by bringing together collections from a wide range of cultural heritage institutions.

The Rubenstein Library at Duke holds Arabic and Persian manuscripts dating roughly between the 9th and 20th centuries. The collection includes Qur'ans, hadith, and commentaries, as well as various literary texts. There is also a significant papyri collection from Egypt in Arabic and Greek.


Eckstein Albums at the University of Cambridge Skilliter Centre Research Library and Archives
The Eckstein Albums document a medical survey of maternal and infant health in rural Anatolia from 1935 to 1939, captioned by a German Jewish migrant to Atatürk’s new Republic.

Europeana Collections is an archive holding 50 million digitized materials from thousands of other archives, libraries, and museums covering a wide variety of subjects and regions including the Middle East and North Africa. 

A Joint Venture with the Friedberg Genizah Project. Includes the Cairo and Yemenite Genizah, Judeo-Arabic corpus, and many more manuscripts, books, and documents that relate to Judaism and Jews.

Getty Research Institute Library
Pierre de Gigord collection of photographs of the Ottoman Empire and the Republic of Turkey.


Hathi Trust Digital Library
HathiTrust provides long-term preservation and access services to digitized content from a variety of sources, including Google, the Internet Archive, Microsoft, and in-house member institution initiatives. Items in the public domain are in full-view for everyone and items held in copyright are searchable.

Hazine (Listicle of online archives of all types)
Founded in order to preserve old American Hebrew books that are out of print and/or circulation.

Internet Archive
The Internet Archive, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form.

The Jewish Theological Seminary Library's Special Collections
Includes digital resources such as Hebrew manuscripts, Genizah fragments, Jewish marriage contracts from the 17th to 20th centuries, broadsides, and more. Additional resources are being digitized daily.


Kanaan is a digital archive offering images and virtual tours of historical and heritage sites and structures in the city of Gaza. Named after the Canaanites who settled Gaza thousands of years ago, Kanaan has so far documented 311 historical buildings and 76 archaeological sites on the Strip.
The Khalidi Library in East Jerusalem and the Hill Museum & Manuscript Library (HMML) have recently re-catalogued the Khalidi Library's digitized manuscript collection.The library of the Khalidi family was established in 1900 to be open to the public, with the aim of encouraging the spread of learning, and reviving interest in the classics of Islamic learning, as well as modern subjects. The collection includes hundreds of works on legal topics along with works on the interpretation and recitation of the Qur'an, on Sufi thought and practice, among others. The vast majority of the texts are written in Arabic, but there are small portions in Ottoman Turkish and Persian, and two manuscripts in Kurdish.
Khayrallah Center for Lebanese Diaspora Studies
Historical and cultural resources related to the Lebanese diaspora.

Koç University Digital Collections
This site provides access to over 210,000 digitized or born-digital images in the Koç University collections featuring prints, photographs, slides, maps, newspapers, posters, postcards, manuscripts, streaming video, and more.

The Kurdish Digital Library (Kurdish Institute of Paris)
The largest Kurdish library in the West, it contains over 10,000 monographs about the Kurds, in 25 languages, several tens of thousands of published documents, collections of reviews and newspapers, journals, photographs, videos, post cards and posters, as well as audio archives and music recordings. Much of it is digitized.

Leiden University Overview of Digital Sources for the Study of the Ottoman Empire and Republic of Turkey
Nicole van Os has compiled 50+ page PDF list of archives, periodicals, maps and other visual materials, podcasts, secondary literature, laws, calendars, and much more. All are related to the Ottoman Empire or Republic of Turkey and many, if not most, are open access.

Library of Congress Digital Collections
Includes collections such as Persian Language Rare Materials, Abdul Hamid II Collection, Iraq War 2003 Web Archive, and more.


Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Open Access und Forschungsdaten-Repositorium der Hochschulbibliotheken in Sachsen-Anhalt
Sources in a variety of languages including Azeri, Turkmen, Turkish, and German.

Medusa is the digital repository of the Public Central library of Veria, Greece. This growing digital library collects the intellectual, historical, and cultural production of the city of Veria and its broader region. Medusa includes books, newspapers, magazines, manuscripts, oral histories, photographs and other material. It also includes material from the Holy Monastery (Scete) of Veria, the Lyceum Club of Greek Women in Veria and The Sismanoglio Megaro of the Consulate General of Greece in Istanbul.
Seeks to provide specialist and non-specialist users with easy access to the important and varied contents of numerous geo-referenced and linguistically-annotated editions of ancient records, primarily from the first millennium BC. Building upon the successes of MOCCI’s first five years (August 2015-December 2020), the team continues to make accessible and understandable many of the rich primary sources of Assyria, Babylonia, and their contemporaries (e.g., the eastern Anatolian kingdom of Urartu) in a free, online, fully searchable and richly annotated (lemmatized) format.

Muslims of the Midwest - A Digital Archive
Interviews and exhibits.

The Oman Library's digital collection consists of rare books and manuscripts. The topics range from history and culture to works of fiction from the early twentieth century. The collection includes materials in seven different languages -- English, Arabic, French, Farsi, Urdu, Ottoman Turkish, and Turkish -- and publications spanning the period from 1700 to 1921. is a massive digital portal providing a single point of access to Greek scientific content sourced from libraries, archives, and research institutions across Greece and Cyprus. Like in the Anemi Digital Library, one can find materials on Asia Minor (click here) and materials in Karamanlidika/Karamanı Turkish (click here). Materials are available in a variety of other languages as well, though most are in English and Greek.

OPenn (Hosted by the University of Pennsylvania Libraries)
Curated collections like Cairo Genizah and Manuscripts of the Muslim World.

Project SAVE Armenian Photograph Archive, Inc. collects, documents, preserves, and shares images of all subjects and time periods relating to the Armenian people and the work of Armenian photographers. The digital collection holds 11,000 images mostly photographed by Christian missionaries and workers in the Near East Relief (an American charity) from 1900-1920s.

Qatar Digital Library
Qatar National Library's archive covering modern history and culture of the Gulf and wider region. It includes archives, maps, manuscripts, sound recordings, photographs and much more, complete with contextualized explanatory notes and links, in both English and Arabic.


SALT Research
Collections focus on the period from the late 19th century to the present day with an emphasis on Turkey -primarily Istanbul- and the geographies of the SE Mediterranean and SE Europe. Includes visual and textual sources and documents on the art history of Turkey post-1950, the development of architecture and design in Turkey since the start of the 20th century, and the transformations in society and the region from the last century of the Ottoman Empire to the Turkish Republic up until the 1990s.

Schusterman Center for Israel Studies Research Guide
Resources guide to archives, newspapers, books, and more related to modern Israel Studies.

Sifriya Haleumit (National Library of Israel)
Books, newspapers, and more available through key word search.

Smithsonian Open Access
Collection images, books, more.

SOAS, University of London Digital Collections
As a world leader in the study of Africa, Asia and the Middle East, SOAS, University of London now makes selected collections available for online use.  Its digital collections include archives and manuscripts, photographs, maps, books and journals, newspapers, oral histories, films and audio.  Nearly all are available freely, twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week, all year round.

Hosted by the University of Oklahoma's Department of Classics and Letters and the Office of the Vice President for Research, aims to be a comprehensive annotated bibliography of open-access resources related to the study of Syriac.


Türkiye Sosyal Tarih Araştırma Vakfı (TÜSTAV) - Social History Research Foundation of Turkey
Books, periodicals, posters, police reports, audio of Nazım Hikmet reading poems, and more. All the materials are about communism in Turkey and most are available as PDFs.

University of Bonn - International Digital Collections and Projects
Curated list of a variety of digital archives around the world.

Consists of over 400 digitized photographic prints dating primarily to the second half of the nineteenth century. The archive is particularly strong in photographs of nineteenth-century Cairo.

vHMML - Hill Museum & Manuscript Library
The site houses high-resolution images of manuscripts, many of them digitized as part of HMML’s global mission to preserve and share important, endangered, and inaccessible manuscript collections through digital photography, archiving, and cataloging. It also contains descriptions of manuscripts from HMML's legacy microfilm collection, with scans of some of these films.

WWQI is an archive of materials related to the social and cultural history of Iran during the Qajar period (1789-1925). The archive seeks to support scholarship on women's history and gender studies by digitally compiling and making available an array of writings, photographs, financial and legal documents, artwork, and everyday objects contained in private and public collections around the world. 

World Digital Library (U.S. Library of Congress)
Photos, maps, manuscripts from countries around the world.


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